Engineering geology

Engineering geology studies the following:

  • physical and mechanical properties of soils, which are placed under the various buildings and structures;
  • nature of the geological environment as a venue for engineering work (placement and provision of data necessary for the design, construction and operation of buildings)
  • as a source of information to extract construction materials and examine the impact of human activity in the earth's crust.
  • dedicated to the research, study and solve engineering problems, and the environment that may arise from the interaction between geology and human activities, and the prediction, prevention of developing adverse geological processes.

Engineering geology in the construction industry include:

  • efinition of geomorphology, lithology, stratigraphy geological formations, hydrogeological conditions, mineralogical and petrographic characteristics of minerals and rocks, physical, mechanical, chemical and geo-hydraulic properties of soils and soil materials used in construction ;
  • assessment of the behavior of soil strata in the presence of hydrologic, seismic effects; changes with time and prediction of the properties mentioned above;
  • determination of the parameters used in the evaluation and analysis of the stability of rock masses and artificially constructed slopes and embankments;
  • maintenance and improvement of the environment and land.